Industry comes together around ‘real-world’ roadmap towards net zero-emissions in concrete & cement

  • First strategy developed with concrete & cement industry & anchored in granular economic modelling
  • Three main levers to enable net zero by 2050 and stay within the sectoral 1.5°C carbon budget
  • High cost increase for concrete and cement production, but cost increase on a typical building limited to 3%

December 4 [Washington, DC, London] Ten of the world’s largest concrete companies and cement plants, including Heidelberg, Cemex and Holcim, join architects, engineers, and construction firms in a collective acknowledgement for action. Mission Possible Partnership (MPP) has developed a new strategy with industry input that sets out milestones and commitments needed by government, industry and investors over the next 25 years to make net zero emissions concrete and cement a reality.

Concrete is the world’s most widely used material after water, and with cement, it is an essential part of the global economy, critical to buildings, transportation, and other infrastructure. The sector currently generates 8% of global CO2 emissions: more than aviation and shipping combined. The challenge of increasing emissions is becoming more urgent as production of concrete and cement is increasing to meet global needs. Without efficiency gains, demand for cement is projected to increase by 50% by 2050.

Making Net Zero Concrete and Cement Possible shows, through its Net Zero scenario, how the sector can reach net zero GHG emissions and comply with a 1.5°C target if urgent action is taken across all three groups of levers:
  • 22% emissions reduction can be achieved on the demand side through efficiency improvements in construction and design reducing the volume of concrete needed without compromising safety or durability.
  • 25% reduction can be achieved in process emissions on the supply side by deploying Supplementary Cementing Materials (SCMs) to decrease the use of clinker; whilst bringing alternative chemistries to commercial stage.
  • 53% of emissions can be reduced, eliminated or captured through a combination of fuel switch, power sector decarbonisation and carbon capture utilisation and storage (CCUS).

CCUS currently has the largest emissions saving potential of all available technologies, and 33-45 new CCUS plants with an annual capacity of 80 megatonnes (Mt) of CO2 must be in operation by 2030 for the industry to stay within its carbon budget. However, new data from MPP’s tracking of green industrial projects – released by MPP for COP28 - shows that the current pipeline falls short, as projects struggle to reach FID. Fifteen plants have so far reached this critical point.

MPP is calling for immediate action across the concrete production value chain from industry, governments and financial institutions worldwide to create an enabling environment for innovation and decarbonisation. Its roadmap details actions needed in the short and long term to rapidly decarbonise the sector.

Near-term milestones

By 2025:

  • Governments permitting increased use of SCMs and using procurement power to bring about deployment
  • Concrete demand reduces by 4% compared with business-as-usual
  • CO₂ transport and storage plans in place and construction started across three regions

By 2030:

  • 33-45 commercial scale carbon capture plants to be operational
  • Concrete demand peaks and starts decreasing globally
  • Global average clinker-binder ratio drops to a global average of 0.54-0.58 from 0.63 today.

By 2035:

  • 35% reduction in emissions achieved if previous milestones are met

Mission Possible Partnership CEO, Faustine Delasalle, says: “Our report sets out precisely what needs to happen to make zero carbon concrete and cement a reality, but time is not on our side. The moment to roll up our sleeves and work together across the value chain and with governments is now. Immediate collaboration and cooperation – from producers through design and construction – together with policymakers and finance - is essential to making the necessary progress this decade.

Collective acknowledgement for the strategy, from a wide variety of companies and the largest in the concrete and cement sector reflects the growing momentum of business for action in the near term. Making Net-Zero Concrete and Cement Possible joins a series of industry transition strategies, backed by 200+ industry players and developed by MPP to guide decarbonisation of seven hardest-to-abate sectors.

Quotes from acknowledgers: 

“Heidelberg Materials welcomes the MPP’s Transition Strategy for Cement and Concrete, which builds on the industry’s existing and robust decarbonization roadmap towards 2050. It emphasizes the need for strong collaboration of all actors along our value chain and underscores the essential policy levers that are crucial for assisting us on our path to achieving net-zero emissions,” Dr. Dominik von Achten, CEO Heidelberg Materials AG and Chairman MPP Concrete Action for Climate

“At Argos, we are committed to making possible the construction of housing and infrastructure dreams to enable a more sustainable, prosperous, and inclusive society. That is why we are conscious of the importance of reaching net zero by 2050 while the countries where we operate keep developing.” - Juan Esteban Calle, CEO, Cementos Argos 

“The concrete and cement transition strategy is a relevant user friendly guide towards the decarbonisation needed around the world, as it clearly describes the general global actions that need to be taken to achieve carbon neutrality in 2050. However, there is still a pressing need to dive deeper into regional and local insights and differences in mitigation, adaptation and opportunities, and the regional and country roadmaps especially within developing countries, since cement and concrete are essential for the achievement of sustained economic growth and the eradication of poverty and to mitigate the effects of climate change; therefore a successful implementation will need to reconcile this reality with appropriate public policies that take into account local challenges and needs, and the economic cooperation of economies that have already developed.” -Javier Durand, Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A.

“We at Misr Cement Group are proud to be an active member within the Global Cement and Concrete Association (GCCA), as we are considered one of the first Egyptian local companies to commit to supporting the global sustainable economic, social and environmental development priorities” - Eng. Bassam Abd Elrassoul, Acting CEO, Misr Group

"The STS report does a great job of breaking down the different opportunities available to reduce carbon across the entire supply chain of the cement and concrete industry. More importantly, they took the time to understand what options are in development, their potential impact, and the technical readiness of each technology. As one of the most critical materials in the world, it is important that a transition strategy has levers that can be pulled incrementally as options become de-risked and mature so production can remain safe, consistent, and economical." -Dr. Ryan Gilliam CEO and Co-Founder, Fortera

“We welcome all organizations and efforts to decarbonize the cement industry and we support the main conclusion of the STS report that Net Zero transition is possible. There is much to be done on the road to Net Zero, and we need the collaboration of public and private sector to achieve the regulatory changes necessary to accelerate the transition.” –Fernando A. Gonzalez, CEO of Cemex.

“At Holcim, we are at the forefront of decarbonizing building across its entire lifecycle to build better with less, from our own operations to low carbon construction, all the way to energy-efficient buildings in use. The MPP sector transition strategies provide a pathway showcasing how companies and policy makers can collaborate to to accelerate decarbonization” - Miljan Gutovic, Holcim Region Head Europe

A perfect all-in-one-report. Especially the key message on the very limited cost impact of using zero-carbon concrete on overall cost of construction should be advocated worldwide.” - Jan Hoppenbrouwers, CCO & Investor Relations, CarbonOrO

“Secil is fully aligned with and committed to the pathway of decarbonisation of the cement and concrete industries. We know our challenges and responsibilities. We are addressing them through our comprehensive decarbonization roadmap together with our stakeholders.” -Otmar Hübscher, CEO, Secil

“This report recognizes the substantial role that those responsible for designing and constructing the built environment play as demand-side partners in significantly reducing the GHG emissions of concrete and cement through thoughtful design, efficient use and reuse, specification and carbon sequestration.” - Vincent Martinez, President and COO, Architecture 2030

“As an OEM equipment supplier to the cement industry with a tradition of more than 160 years of innovation, the decarbonization of the cement industry is in the focus of our activities. We consider it to be our obligation to develop solutions for the biggest challenge of our industry. Our machines and plants allow for substantial carbon reduction already today and will provide cost efficient carbon capture through oxyfuel and other novel technologies for total decarbonization.” - Matthias Mersmann, Chief Technology Officer (CTO), KHD

“It is important that we all work together to implement strategies to decarbonize cement and concrete at scale. Most notable to us at the Carbon Leadership Forum is the high impact of strategies under the control of building owners, designers, engineers, and builders. Focusing on efficient use of concrete and optimization of concrete mixtures can be cost saving strategies that are easy to implement today.” - Kate Simonen, Executive Director, and Jordan Palmeri, Senior Researcher, Carbon Leadership Forum


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Notes to editors:

Acknowledging companies as of December 1, 2023:

Architecture 2030, bp, Carbon Leadership Forum, CarbonOrO, Cementos Argos, Cementos, Pacasmayo S.A.A., Cemex, Dalmia, FLSmidth, Fortera, Future Cleantech Architects, Heidelberg, Holcim, KHD, Misr Cement Group, Norm Cement, Secil, Taiwan Cement Corporation

To download the report:

Making net zero industry possible 

MPP seeks to inspire cross-sector learning and real-world projects that will translate global strategic thinking into local action.

This Concrete and Cement Transition Strategy joins a series of industry transition strategies developed by MPP to guide decarbonisation of seven hardest-to-abate sectors. Of these, four are from the materials industries: aluminium, chemicals, concrete, and steel and three cover mobility and transport sectors - aviation, shipping, and trucking.

Each sector transition strategy is premised on the same modelling assumptions, to enable policymakers and financial institutions usefully to compare the findings of all MPP sector transition strategies.

About MPP

The Mission Possible Partnership (MPP) is a movement of climate leaders in business and civil society working to decarbonise seven hard-to-abate industrial and mobility sectors: aluminium, aviation, cement and concrete, chemicals, shipping, steel and trucking. MPP’s 2030 Milestones are real-economy targets for action in this decade to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, developed from sector transition strategies endorsed by more than 200 companies. MPP was founded to foster radical collaboration between stakeholders in industry, finance, and policy by four founding partners: the Energy Transitions Commission, RMI, the We Mean Business Coalition and the World Economic Forum.